Explore the Zapata Peninsula

Explore the Zapata Peninsula in Playa Larga

  • Explore the Zapata Peninsula | Day Trip

    Explore the Zapata Peninsula

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    The Zapata Peninsula is the biggest in Cuba, with 300 thousand hectares. It has a length from east to west of 175 km, and 58 km of width, The Peninsula National Park is has a vast ecological value. This is the largest wilderness area in Cuba, there you will be able to find and see dozens of endemic and migratory species, like the Cuban crocodile. There also you can see 900 species of native plants. This is a marshy ecosystem, it belongs to the Matanzas province. It has the most complex karst drainage system of the island. It is part of the best preserved green regions of Cuba. The landscape has low, marshy and semi-swamp plains, on peaty deposits and limestone rocks. With hydromorphic soils and vegetation of natural savannas of aesthetic and scenic value, such as the Treasure Lagoon and the Hatiguanico river basin. This is the main fluvial artery of the area, as well as Playa Larga and Playa Girón. The vegetation of the Ciénaga de Zapata forms one of the most important green areas of Cuba and, due to the species of flora and fauna that lives there, represents a place of world interest.

  • Name: Alain

    Country: Canada

    Zapata Swamp (Spanish: Ciénaga de Zapata, Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsjenaɣa ðe saˈpata]) is located on the Zapata Peninsula in the southern Matanzas province of Cuba. It is located less than 150 kilometres (93 mi) southeast of Havana. Ciénaga de Zapata represents also a municipality, the largest one of Cuba with 4,162 km2. Species and preservation. Within the Zapata Swamp are over 900 autochthonous plant species, 175 species of birds, 31 species of reptiles and over 1000 species of invertebrates. Some of the most notable are local endemics to Cuba, for birds it would include the Zapata Wren, Zapata Rail, and the Zapata Sparrow. The Zapata Swamp is also visited by 65 species of birds during their migration pattern from North America through the Caribbean to South America. Zapata is also known for the local endemic Cuban Crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) which are restricted to the Zapata Swamp and are being reintroduced to the nearby Lanier Swamp on the Isle of Youth (Spanish: Isla de la Juventud Within the Zapata Swamp are numerous areas designated for environmental preservation, such as Zapata Swamp Natural Reserve and Las Salinas wildlife sanctuary, which is part of the larger Zapata Biosphere Reserve (IUCN category VI) which in total is over 6,000 km² and the largest protected area, not only in Cuba, but also the Caribbean. The swamp is not only known for its size but also for being the best preserved wetlands in all of the Antilles, designated as a "Wetland of International Importance" by the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in 1971. In mid-2001 an additional 4,520 km2 were declared a Ramsar Site in mid-2001.